FEDOSKINO FEDOSKINO
 

                                                    FEDOSKINO

Fedoskino, a village dedicated to the lacquer miniature, is situated about 30 kilometers from Moscow on the shore of the Ucha River.

Fedoskino lacquers use the most delicate kind of painting in oils. Scumbling involves very thin layers of translucent and semi-translucent colors applied over a thoroughly dried and hardened layer and various inserts. Fedoskino painting may be divided into two groups: "poskvoznomu," or painting with translucent colors, and "po-plotnomu," or the use of thick layers of non-translucent colors (korpusnaya zhivopis), the latter type notable for the intricacy of the details, the excellence of the drawings and the richness of color. A distinctive effect is created by the radiance of the inserts (mother-of-pearl, gold foil, other metal foils, metal powders) coming through the layers of translucent paint. Several layers of painting are applied to these inserts. The corners of lids and side walls are treated with mother-of-pearl, metals, jewels, silver and gold strips, filigree.

Gradually, two kinds of classic Fedoskino painting emerged: "dense" (very carefully outlined and sharply drawn images in rich color) and "transparent" (in which the brightness of the inlay shows through the colors). Mother-of-pearl inlays set in the still gelid lacquer were frequently used. More commonly, thin gold leaf or silver metal powder was employed. The painting itself was applied in layers on the inlay. The edges of the lid and side walls were sometimes treated with mother-ofpearl, metal, incrustations of jewels, silver and gold ornament in relief and filigree. The interior and exterior of the boxes often were done in "tortoise shell," "birch bark," "ivory," "malachite," "mother-of-pearl," "Scotch plaid" and "mahogany" grain patterns.

This article was published on 14 November 2010.
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